Have you heard the word Ciao before? And have you heard Buongiorno? Chances are that you have. When should you use them? And are there alternatives to these greetings? In this post, you will learn how to say hello in the Italian language!
Italians love chiacchierare (to chat). So, you will find yourself frequently in conversations with Italians. On the other hand, there are plenty of ways to say hello in Italian. So, you will not run out of greetings for these occasions!
However, deciding how to greet someone in Italian depends on the relationship you have with them. The time of the day also has incidence. And some other circumstances of your encounter are usually taken into account.
Another point worth mentioning is that each Italian region has a sub-compilation of greetings. There are many local languages in Italy that Italians mistakenly call dialects. These regional languages evolved from Latin independently. Thus, they can not be considered Italian dialects. Click here to read more about how the Italian language came into existence. And why it became the official language above all the other local languages.
Although there is this sub-compilation of greetings in each region, we will not take them into account. In this post, we will only mention the most popular in standard Italian. In other words, you can use these greetings all around Italy and be understood!
How to say Hello in Italian – Informal
The informal and most common way to say hello in Italian is ciao. You can use it when you see a friend or talk to a child. It is frequent among young people or when an older person addresses a child or a teenager.
It can be used as a greeting to say “hello” but also is fitting to say “goodbye.”
The origin of this word goes back to the Latin expression schiavo, which means “(I am) your slave.” The expression was not a literal statement of fact. It was just a flimsy promise of goodwill among friends. The translation to our modern-day terms would be “at your service.”
With time, this greeting eventually got shortened to ciao. It also lost all its submissive connotations. And it even came to be used as an informal salutation by speakers of all classes.
Many accept that the novel A Farewell to Arms (1929), written by Ernest Hemingway, introduced ciao into the English language. The storyline takes place in northeast Italy during World War I.
Since ciao is such an informal word, you should be careful when using it. Please do not address an adult you do not know using ciao. And do not use it at a cafe or restaurant to greet your waiter. Nonetheless, if you are a regular customer, and the waiter is your friend, you could use it.
Have you heard the expressions ciao bella or ciao bello? They translate into “hello beautiful” or even “hello dear.” Be careful not to use them with a person you do not know. Do not say ciao bella to a woman thinking it is flattering. Exactly like in English, saying “hello beautiful” to a woman may well make her uncomfortable. It is something you see happening in movies portraying a cliche Italy. But people do not act like that in real life.
How to say Hello in Italian – Formal
A more formal way to say hello in Italian is buongiorno. It is the Italian word for hello you will use in most of your travels.
Buongiorno literally translates into “good day.” But you can use it almost any time of day. The exception is in the evenings when you would use buona sera instead. We also explain the use of buona sera further on in this post.
Buongiorno is appropriate when you do not know the person you are greeting (this includes a hotelier or waiter). But it stays convenient also when you see someone regularly but do not know them well.
Here is an example. You are staying in a hotel for a week. And you deal with the same staff member every day. So you are wondering if it is appropriate to keep the greeting buongiorno, or switch to the most informal ciao. In that case, the advice is to keep using buongiorno.
Have you heard of the expression buon pomeriggio? It means “Good afternoon.” However, this expression is not for when you meet someone. Even if it is the afternoon, you still say buongiorno. So when do you use buon pomeriggio? It is only for parting from someone. So if you leave a cafe in the afternoon, after a meal, you will say grazie, buon pomeriggio. The equivalent in English would be “Thank you, have a nice day.”
How to say Hello in Italian in the evening – formal
As we mentioned in the previous section, there is an exception to using buongiorno. In the evening, to greet somebody formally and politely, you say buona sera. This expression translates into “good evening.” And you can use it the same way as the English equivalent.
If you enter a restaurant for dinner, the correct greeting would be: Buonasera, ha un tavolo per quattro, per favore? (Good evening, would you have a table for four, please?)
You can still use buonasera to greet people after dark. It does not matter if it is late at night. As we mentioned in the section above concerning buon pomeriggio, there is equally an expression used only for parting at night. This expression is buona notte, and it compares to English “good night.” As in English, it is only a parting expression used to wish someone a good night.
How to say Hello in Italian by email or letter – formal
Salve comes from Latin. And it is a formal greeting you often see in writing.
It is common to see emails start with this word. Here is an example: Salve, grazie per la mail.., which translates into “Hello, thank you for your email…
You may also hear it occasionally in the spoken language.
In writing, you may also find different expressions such as:
Cordiali saluti, Cordialmente, Saluti. But these rarely are used in spoken language.
So to wish someone a good day, you can use buongiorno and buondì. Dì has a grave accent over the i. The purpose is to distinguish it from the simple preposition di. If you hear someone tell you buondì!, it means they are wishing you a good day.
How to say Hello in Italian on the phone
In Italian, you do not use the equivalent of hello when answering the phone. So, don’t say ciao or buongiorno.
The word used to say hello in Italian on the phone is pronto. Pronto means ready. So, you pick up the phone and say: pronto? Which translates: Hello?
And on the other end, the caller may say: pronto, parlo con…? Hello, am I speaking with…?
It has been fun for us to prepare this list of different ways to say hello in Italian. We hope you found it helpful!
Do you have another phrase for greeting people? Please share with us. Or comment on the topic.
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